Vision Statement and Guiding Principles

Vision Statement: Our school will provide positive outdoor and indoor recess experiences so that all students will enjoy playing and socializing with friends and adults. Recess supervisors will be provided with the information and supports needed to implement a successful program.

Guiding Principles (based on current literature – see Annotated Bibliography):

  1. Promote positive social interaction and friendships, which includes educating recess supervisors about strategies for promoting social interactions between peers and teaching students conflict resolution strategies;1,2
  2. Promote positive behavior and prevention of bullying. Teach adults to model appropriate behavior, provide reinforcement and facilitate cooperation, offer staff training on bully prevention, and schedule recess before lunch;3
  3. Provide both unstructured and adult guided play opportunities to promote inclusive participation in enjoyable activities for indoor and outdoor recess. Promote active play to help prevent obesity and promote academic performance;4
  4. Provide attractive and safe play materials. Ensure all playground equipment is updated, fix any unsafe fixtures, ensure there is a variety of equipment and games for children to interact with, paint the playground pavement with games, provide outdoor game equipment (i.e., jump ropes, hula hoops), and offer games that are accessible to students with disabilities.

1 National Association of Early Childhood Specialists in State Departments of Education. (2005). Recess and the importance of play. Retrieved from North Kansas City Schools website:
2 Pellegrini, A.D. & Bohn, C.M. (2005). The role of recess in children’s cognitive performance and school adjustment. Educational Researcher, 34, 13-19.
3 Lewis, T. J., Colvin, G., & Sugai, G. (2000). The effects of pre-correction and active supervision on the recess behavior of elementary students. Education and Treatment of Children, 23, 109-121.
4 Beighle, A. (2012). Increasing physical activity through recess [Research brief]. Retrieved from